Publication Ethics

Ethics in publishing:
In order to ensure high-quality scientific publications, public confidence in scientific conclusions, and that people are given credit for their contributions, there are ethical requirements for publication. It is crucial to keep away from this practice.

Falsifying and fabricating data:
Data fabrication refers to the act of fabricating data rather than doing the real study. Falsification of data occurs when a researcher conducts an experiment but afterwards alters part of the results.

It is unfair and dishonest to take the concepts and labor of other scientists without giving them credit. Plagiarism is the act of using someone else's words without properly attributing them. Avoid this by using your own words instead of borrowing from someone else's manuscript or even one of your own that has already been published.

Numerous submissions:
It is unethical to simultaneously submit the same work to multiple journals. When this is done, editors and peer reviewers lose their time, and if it is published in more than one journal, it can hurt the reputation of the authors and the journals because the subsequent publication will need to be retracted.

Redundant publications:
This entails releasing numerous publications based on the same manuscript that are extremely identical. A selective publication is more likely to be interested in your work if you combine your findings into one extremely solid paper. A weak work that editors feel is the consequence of salami slicing is likely to be rejected.

False authorship or attribution:
All mentioned authors must have contributed significantly to the research in the manuscript and given their consent to all of its assertions. Remember to include students and lab staff among those who made a significant scientific contribution. Authorship should not be "gifted" to people who did not contribute to the paper. For experts in all fields, comprehensive authorship guidelines are available. Many publications have procedures and instruments in place to spot researchers who act unethically. Your manuscript could be rejected without review and your institution alerted if you are identified.